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Economics BA - Program Requirements

(HEGIS: 22.04 ECONOMICS, CIP: 45.0601 Economics, General)

Department of Economics

415 Fronczak Hall
North Campus
Buffalo, NY 14260-1520

Alex Anas, Ph.D.

Joanne Song McLaughlin, Ph.D.
Director of Undergraduate Studies

Associated Programs

Associated Subjects

Completing the Economics BA Program

Completion of the economics major requires successful completion of:

  • 4 credits of prerequisite, MTH 121, or MTH 131, or MTH 141
  • 8 credits of any-level economics elective courses
  • 12 credits of economics required courses
  • 15 credits of upper-level (300- or 400-level) economics elective courses

Note: All of the 15 upper-level elective economics credits must be passed at UB and transfer credits cannot be used as substitutes.

Academic Requirements

  • A minimum overall GPA of 2.000
  • A minimum Economics GPA of 2.500
  • Successful completion of prerequisite, required, and economics elective courses
  • Successful completion of UB requirements

Academic Advice

Students interested in a joint major program or combined degree program should consult the Director of Undergraduate Studies in economics.

Advising is provided by the College of Arts and Sciences Student Advising Services and by the Department of Economics.

Transfer Credit Policy

Economics majors must take all 15 credits of upper-level economics electives at UB. Approved upper-level electives exclude ECO 495 and ECO 496. Transfer credit may be applied towards the required courses or any-level economics electives. Students who seek transfer credit should begin the articulation process on Transfer Articulation and University Requirements at UB System (TAURUS).

SUNY Seamless Transfer is a SUNY-wide program intended to make transferring to UB and other SUNY schools simple and efficient for SUNY students. SUNY has defined courses that SUNY students can take before transferring that will apply to the major at UB and ensure timely graduation.

Information about the Transfer Path for this major can be found on the SUNY website.

Residency Requirement

A student must complete a minimum of 30 undergraduate credit hours (the equivalent of one full year of study) at the University at Buffalo in order to earn a degree from the university. Additionally, Economics students must take all of their 15 credits of upper-level economics electives from UB to get a degree in Economics from UB.

Prerequisite Courses

MTH 121 Survey of Calculus and Its Applications I, or MTH 131 Math Analysis for Management, or MTH 141 College Calculus I.

Note: This prerequisite requirement is applicable for only continuing students. For incoming freshmen and transfer students, there are no prerequisite courses required for admission into the Economics BA program. Incoming freshmen and transfer students must satisfy the prerequisite course after the admission to the Economics BA program.

Required Courses

ECO 380 Economic Statistics and Data Analysis
ECO 405 Microeconomic Theory
ECO 407 Macroeconomic Theory
ECO 480 Econometrics I
8 credits of any-level economics elective courses. ECO 181 and ECO 182 are highly recommended.
15 credits of upper-level (300- or 400-level) economics elective courses, excluding ECO 495, ECO 496, and ENG 300-level CL2 courses (ENG 350-359).


  • ECO 380 may be substituted with MTH 411 or STA 301 together with MTH 412 or STA 302, or GEO 211, or CIE 308.
  • A maximum of 3 credits from either ECO 498 Undergraduate Research or ECO 499 Independent Study can be used toward the upper-level economics elective credit requirement.
  • A maximum of 3 credits from either ECO 495 or ECO 496 can be used toward the 8 credit any-level economics elective credit requirement, and credits from either of these two courses cannot be used toward the upper-level economics elective requirement.

Departmental Honors Requirements

The Economics Department will nominate for Honors in Economics majors who have passed ECO 406 Microeconomic Theory 2, MTH 141, and MTH 142 whose GPA in Economics is at least 3.250 (Honors), 3.500 (High Honors) or 3.750 (Highest Honors).

Total Credit Hours Required

Total credit hours required for the Economics BA degree

Prerequisite Credits Required for Major4
Credits Required for Major35
Additional Credits Required for UB Curriculum39
Additional Credits Required for Electives42
Total Credits Required for Degree120

Students should consult with an academic advisor to determine how any transfer or exam credit might be utilized in meeting general education, prerequisite, or major requirements.

See Baccalaureate Degree Requirements for general education and remaining university requirements.

Total Credit Hours Required represents the minimum credits needed to complete this program, and may vary based on a number of circumstances. This chart should not be used for financial aid purposes.

Published: Jan 25, 2023 07:58:50