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Economics BA/MA - Program Requirements

(HEGIS: 22.04 ECONOMICS, CIP: 45.0601 Economics, General)

Department of Economics

415 Fronczak Hall
North Campus
Buffalo, NY 14260-1520

Alex Anas, Ph.D.

Joanne Song McLaughlin, Ph.D.
Director of Undergraduate Studies

Associated Programs

Associated Subjects

Completing the Economics BA/MA Program

For the combined BA/MA degree, a student must complete:

  • 4 credits of prerequisite, MTH 121, or MTH 131, or MTH 141
  • 8 credits of any-level economics elective courses
  • 12 credits of economics required courses for BA
  • 15 credits of 500-level economics required courses 
  • 15 credits of 500-level economics elective courses


  • This is a total of 24 major credits required for BA and 30 credits required for MA.
  • Students can also obtain an Advanced Certificate with successful completion of a further 15 economics credits at the master’s degree level.

Academic Requirements

Academic requirements for BA:

  • A minimum overall GPA of 2.000
  • A minimum Economics GPA of 2.500 in economics courses
  • A successful completion of prerequisite, required, and economics elective courses
  • A successful completion of UB requirements

Academic requirements for MA:

  • A minimum Economics GPA of 3.000
  • Passing the Microeconomics Comprehensive Exam and the Macroeconomics Comprehensive Exam

Academic Advice

Students should consult both the Director of Undergraduate Studies and the Director of the Master’s Programs as early as possible to develop a sequence of coursework that is appropriate to their interests and objectives.

Transfer Credit Policy

Transfer credit may be applied toward the required courses or any-level economics electives. Students who seek transfer credit should begin the articulation process on Transfer Articulation and University Requirements at UB System (TAURUS).

SUNY Seamless Transfer is a SUNY-wide program intended to make transferring to UB and other SUNY schools simple and efficient for SUNY students. SUNY has defined courses that SUNY students can take before transferring that will apply to the major at UB and ensure timely graduation.

Information about the Transfer Path for this major can be found on the SUNY website.

Residency Requirement

A student must complete a minimum of 30 undergraduate credit hours (the equivalent of one full year of study) at the University at Buffalo in order to earn a degree from the university.

Prerequisite Courses

MTH 121 Survey of Calculus and Its Applications I, or MTH 131 Math Analysis for Management, or MTH 141 College Calculus I.

Note: This prerequisite requirement is applicable for only continuing students. For incoming freshmen and transfer students, there are no prerequisite courses required for admission into the Economics BA/MA program. Incoming freshmen and transfer students must satisfy the prerequisite course after the admission to the Economics BA/MA program.

Required Courses

Undergraduate Courses:

ECO 380 Economic Statistics and Data Analysis
ECO 405 Microeconomic Theory 1
ECO 407 Macroeconomic Theory
ECO 480 Econometrics I
8 credits of any-level economics elective courses. ECO 181 and ECO 182 are highly recommended.

Graduate Courses:

ECO 505 Microeconomic Theory
ECO 507 Macroeconomic Theory
ECO 576 Topics in Microeconomics
ECO 580 Econometrics I
ECO 581 Econometrics II
15 credits of 500-level economics elective courses


  • ECO 380 may be substituted with MTH 411 or STA 301 together with MTH 412 or STA 302, or GEO 211, or CIE 308.
  • ECO 495 or ECO 496 cannot be used toward the 8 credit any-level economics elective credit requirement.
  • ECO 505, ECO 507, and ECO 576 may be substituted with ECO 405, ECO 407, and ECO 406, respectively, with the permission of the Director of the MA program. A waiver exam may be taken for ECO 580 and ECO 581. Please contact the Assistant Director of the MA program for details. However, a total of 24 undergraduate economics major credits and 30 500-level credits are still required for the degree, even with specific course waivers.

Total Credit Hours Required

Total credit hours required for the Economics BA/MA degrees
Prerequisite Credits Required for Major (Undergraduate)4
Credits Required for Major (Undergraduate)20
Credits Required for Major (Graduate)30
Additional Credits Required for UB Curriculum39
Additional Credits Required for Electives42
Total Credits Required for Degree135

Students should consult with an academic advisor to determine how any transfer or exam credit might be utilized in meeting general education, prerequisite, or major requirements.

See Baccalaureate Degree Requirements for general education and remaining university requirements.

Refer to the Graduate School's Policies and Procedures Manual for requirements for master's degree candidates.

Total Credit Hours Required represents the minimum credits needed to complete this program, and may vary based on a number of circumstances. This chart should not be used for financial aid purposes.

Published: Feb 01, 2023 08:49:51