Study of the literatures of colonized or previously colonized peoples and their diasporas. For example: Prof. C. Mardorossian, Hybridized Writings This course will examine fiction as well as essays from a selection of countries with a history of colonialism (India, South Africa, Nigeria, Antigua, Haiti, Martinique, Canada) and we will analyze these texts in light of the important debates that have been preoccupying postcolonial studies (the field that studies literature and writings from and about colonized and ex-colonized countries). These debates gravitate around issues of cultural difference, agency and resistance, the politics of home and diaspora, globalization and the environment. Close attention will be paid to the different patterns of othering (human/animal, East/West, self/other, male/female) that these potential postcolonial narratives display, challenge, and sometimes unwittingly reproduce. Specifically we will analyze the intensively hybridized and transnational kinds of writings that have now achieved prominence in Western academic circles. We will examine the ways in which a diasporic and globalized consciousness has engendered new ways of thinking about literatures relationship to the environment. How does an ecology-minded criticism impact our reading of literature? How does the greening of our reading practices resonate in a context of environmental and global crisis? How do authors represent the challenges facing the environment and human/animal relations? Is the environment the wilderness? For example: Prof. C. Mardorossian, Violence and Trauma in Postcolonial Literature This course examine literary works, film, and essays produced either in countries that share a common history of colonialism or in contemporary immigrant communities. These texts will urge us to challenge concepts we may otherwise take for granted such as nation, language, race, gender, and national identity. We will focus on the ways in which these writings choose to represent the legacies of a past of violence, war, and trauma; what becomes of values like love, humanity, and equality in such contexts, the role language plays in carrying cultures and histories as well as issues of translation and translingualism in what is increasingly a global and interdependent world today. At a time when boundaries of space and nation are constantly crossed and re-crossed, what does it mean to have a culture? Can culture be dominated by other cultures? If so, how? The authors we will encounter in this course will urge us to take apart once cherished but static notions of home and identity and to replace them with a more historically grounded and critically attuned understanding of these ideas. They will take us on a journey that both disturbs and inspires, infusing old certainties with transformative insights and perspectives.