Emphasizes GIS applications for environmental modeling, which is loosely defined as any study that contains an environmental element. This is an intermediate level GIS course. GIS methodology design is the primary focus of the lectures and the following topics are discussed: basic GIS methods, using statistics to test and validate GIS methods, and integrating GIS with environmental models. Case studies are used to support the discussion of method design and help students select appropriate GIS methods for a project. The hands-on laboratory exercises focus on learning advanced GIS methods in order to help students implement a GIS project of their interest.