This course is designed for pre-service students in all-grades initial certification fields (English as a Second Language, Music, Library Media Specialist, etc). The course emphasizes contemporary practice and basic instructional strategies. Graduate students' reports and term papers are expected to emphasize research as well as theoretical grounding for instructional practices. Special modules in teaching English language learners, culturally diverse students, and special learners will be part of the course. Admission to the Teacher Education Institute and an appropriate UB graduate degree program are required. This course introduces students to current, general professional instructional practices including the following, and assists students to interpret them within the various levels of K-12 education: * Classroom management, organization, safety * Diversity as a teaching resource * Inclusion of students with special needs * Instruction and assessment variations for English language learners * Lesson planning and preparation, alignment with NYS standards * Classroom procedures related to assessment * Well-known, practice-and research-based teaching systems * Self-and peer evaluation of teaching * Successful interaction with parents * Roles of and interaction with various members of the school-based professional staff * And skilled, balanced integration of digital technology with other instructional resources Several research-validated instructional strategies are reinforced, including those that support constructivist approaches to classroom organization and student learning, and instructional applications of diversity in American classrooms.