This course examines the varying functions of criminal justice institutions: police, prosecutors, courts, probation services, and prisons and jails. Students will explore how the structure and practice of the criminal justice system varies across countries and will think critically about changes in the purpose and effectiveness of criminal justice institutions in the U.S. over time. Students will also understand the theoretical and practical role of these institutions in (re)producing or mitigating social inequality. This course is the same as SSC 318 and course repeat rules will apply. Students should consult with their major department regarding any restrictions on their degree requirements.