Introduces the theory of automation as related to manufacturing and design integration, including hardware, software, and algorithm issues involved in fast and flexible product development cycles. Studies strategies of automated manufacturing systems; CAD-CAM; and integration, programming, and simulation. Additional topics include Robotics (e.g. applications in welding, material handling, and human intensive processes), Reverse Engineering (e.g. modeling product from laser and CMM data of parts), Virtual Environments (e.g. industrial applications of virtual reality and prototyping), Intelligent Diagnostics (e.g. sensor fusion for machine tool monitoring), Automated Inspection (e.g. computer vision and methods of automated quality control), and Design for Manufacturing (e.g. issues involved in concurrent product development).