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Writing Placement

Writing Placement

Refer to the chart below to determine proper placement in Communication Literacy courses.

UB Curriculum: Communication Literacy Placement Chart
 Student has met: Student will need:
 CL1/ENG 105CL2 ENG 100CL1/ENG 105CL2
New Students & Transfers:      
No writing; test scores lower than thresholds below    XX
AP ENGC* 4 OR 5X    X
Old SAT READ ≥ 610 OR NEW SAT ERWS Score ≥ 630 OR ACT ENGL ≥ 27^X    X
TOEFL/IELTS** scores   (X)**XX
Domestic, non-native speaker: SAT < 400, ACT < 16***   (X)***XX
SUNY Basic Communication GETAX    X
Has direct course articulation to ENG 105X    X
Reenter under UBC:      
No writing    XX
Has ENG 101X    X
Has ENG 101 (ESL 407) and ENG 201 (ESL 408)XX    

^Placement for students without SAT or ACT scores will be determined through a holistic review of their academic record.

*Students receive credit for ENG 105 with an AP English Language & Composition score of 4 or 5. AP Lit & Comp (ELC) does not affect the CL requirement, nor do IB or CLEP exams.

**Please consult TOEFL/IELTS information in the Placement for Non-Native Speakers of English section below. Some students may need to take ENG 100 (and even ESL 411) before taking ENG 105. Those with very high TOEFL/IELTS scores may place out of ENG 105.

***Domestic students whose first language is a language other than English and who have a low SAT ERWS or ACT English score should be encouraged to consult with the ELI Director to determine whether ENG 100 and/or a “Z” section of ENG 105 is recommended.

Placement for Non-Native Speakers of English

The UB English Course Placement guidelines below should be used to determine the most appropriate English course for non-native speakers of English who are international students. For the purpose of these English course placement guidelines, “international student” is defined as any student studying at UB on an F-1, J-1, or other non-immigrant visa.

Note: It is not always immediately clear how to place certain international students who have unique educational backgrounds, multiple English proficiency exam scores, or exam scores other than TOEFL or IELTS scores. In these cases, please consult with the English Language Institute Director for further placement guidance.

ENG 105Z Placement: Communication Literacy 1 (CL1)

  • CL1 English course placement for international students is determined by TOEFL iBT or IELTS test scores. International students who did not submit iBT or IELTS scores with their UB application will be placed according to their SAT or ACT scores. Consult with the ELI Director should this placement need review.
  • All non-native English speaking students who meet or exceed each of the four sub-section scores on either the TOEFL iBT or IELTS exams should be placed in a “Z” section of ENG 105. ENG 105Z sections are reserved exclusively for non-native writers of English, the course syllabus is tailored to the specific needs of non-native writers of English, and instructors do not assume that students have significant pre-existing knowledge of American culture.
  • International students who satisfy one of the conditions below may request a consultation with the ELI Director to be considered for a non-ENG 105Z placement:
    • Scored substantially higher than the four sub-section score minimums described in the ENG 105Z Placement Rubric.
    • Scored substantially higher than 550 EWRS on the SAT and did not submit TOEFL or IELTS exam scores.
    • Did not submit SAT, TOEFL, or IELTS exam scores.
  • Non-native speakers of English who are USA citizens or permanent residents and who have been admitted to UB as domestic students should be advised to meet with the ELI Director to confirm whether placement in an ENG 105Z or a “non-Z” section is most appropriate.

Please note that “country of residency” and time lived in a given country do not automatically guarantee English proficiency or sociocultural knowledge sufficient for successful completion of a “non-Z” section of ENG 105.

ENG 105Z: Placement Rubric

  • The ENG 105Z placement rubric is based on TOEFL and IELTS exam sub-section scores (not total scores) for each of the four skill areas.
  • All non-native English speaking students who meet or exceed each of the four sub-section scores should be placed in ENG 105Z.
ENG 105Z: Placement Rubric
Sub-Section SkilliBT TOEFL Minimum Sub-Section ScoreIETLS Minimum Sub-Section Score
Reading216.5
Listening216.5
Speaking236.5
Writing246.5

ENG 100Z/ESL 411 Placement: Pre-CL1 English Required

Placement for International Students is determined by the TOEFL iBT and IELTS exams. SAT and/or ACT test scores are used if a student has not submitted either TOEFL or IELTS scores. The default placement for students who have no scores to reference will be ENG 100 and ESL 411. Consultation with the ELI Director is available should this placement need a review.

All non-native English speaking students who score below the minimum sub-section scores specified in the ENG 105Z Placement Rubric should be placed into ENG 100Z (Introduction to Academic Writing) and/or ESL 411Z (Spoken English) based on the following placement rubric.

Depending on a student’s specific sub-section scores, placement could be:

  • ENG 100Z (only)
  • ESL 411Z (only)
  • Both ENG 100Z and ESL 411Z

Pre-CL1 English Required: Placement Rubric

Pre-CL1 English Required: Placement Rubric
Sub-Section SkilliBT TOEFLIELTSCourse Placement: Pre-CL1 English Required
Reading20 or below6.0 or belowENG 100Z
Listening20 or below6.0 or belowESL 411Z
Speaking22 or below6.0 or belowESL 411Z
Writing23 or below6.0 or belowENG 100Z

Note: Those students required to take ENG 100Z and/or ESL 411Z must adhere to the following three conditions during their first semester:

  • Students must take the required ENG 100Z (Introduction to Academic Writing) and/or ESL 411Z (Spoken English) course(s) in their first semester.
  • Students who are required to take both ENG 100Z and ESL 411Z may not register for more than four courses total during their first semester (this total includes the two required English courses).
  • Students must achieve a final grade of “C” or higher in each English course to fulfill this English course requirement. If a student receives a final grade of “C-” or lower in either English course, the course(s) must be repeated the following semester until a final grade of “C” or higher is earned.

If the final course grades for both ENG 100Z and ESL 411Z are “C-” or below, the four- course limit applies until this English requirement has been met.

Communication Literacy Repeat Policy

  • If a student has completed ENG 101, the repeat rule will apply if they enroll in ENG 105 as the second taking.
  • Any ENG CL2 course will replace grade and credit previously earned for ENG 201 by petition only.
  • If a student wishes to repeat a CL2 course, the repeat rules will only apply if they enroll in the same CL2 course (identical department and course number).
  • Students changing majors may have to complete a second CL2 course if they are seeking a major for which a specific CL2 is a requirement.
 
Published: Sep 17, 2021 14:39:39